Clomid is a medication whose active ingredient is clomiphene citrate. It is also known by its generic name, clomiphene, and is sometimes referred to as Serophene. Clomid is primarily used to treat infertility in women who are not ovulating properly, helping to stimulate the release of eggs from the ovaries.

Clomid Price Analysis

The price span for Clomid is approximately 0.44$ – 1.39$ per pill. The exact cost is influenced by the size and type of packaging, as well as the amount of active ingredients (30 or 360 mg).

Clomid Overview

Clomid, also known as clomiphene citrate, is a non-steroidal fertility medication that stimulates ovulation in women who have ovulatory dysfunction or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is typically prescribed for the treatment of infertility in women due to anovulation but could also be used in certain male infertility cases under specialist advice.

Pharmacological Action

Clomid acts by inhibiting negative feedback on the hypothalamus, which results in the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland. This stimulation leads to the growth and maturation of ovarian follicles, and subsequently ovulation. Clomid possesses both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic properties. This dual action contributes to its effectiveness as a fertility drug.

Indications for Use

Clomid is specifically indicated for the treatment of ovulatory dysfunction in women desiring pregnancy. Indications include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome, psychogenic amenorrhea, post-oral-contraceptive amenorrhea, and certain cases of secondary amenorrhea of undetermined etiology.

Administration Guidelines

Clomid is administered orally. The starting dose is typically 50 mg daily for 5 days, usually beginning on the 5th day of the menstrual cycle. If ovulation does not occur, the dose can be increased in subsequent cycles. Maximum dosage should not exceed 100 mg daily for 5 days. Repeat dosing beyond six cycles is generally not recommended.

Dosage Adjustments

Dosage may be adjusted based on the patient’s response, including evidence of ovulation (like basal body temperature, serum progesterone levels, and ultrasound results). If ovulation occurs but there is no pregnancy, up to two additional courses of Clomid 50 mg may be administered. Incremental increases in dosage can be made in patients who fail to respond.

Contraindications at a Glance

Clomid is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to clomiphene citrate or to any of the ingredients. Other contraindications include liver disease, abnormal uterine bleeding of undetermined origin, ovarian cysts (not due to PCOS), uncontrolled thyroid or adrenal dysfunction, and pregnancy.

Potential Drug Interactions

Clomid may interact with gonadotropins and other drugs that affect hormonal levels. Caution should be exercised in patients receiving concomitant medications. It should not be used in conjunction with other ovulation-inducing agents due to the potential for additive or synergistic effects that could increase the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

Monitoring Patient Response

Monitoring of the patient’s response to Clomid treatment should include ovulation prediction by detecting the mid-cycle LH surge, serial ultrasound examinations to observe follicular development and ovulation, and serum progesterone levels post-ovulation to confirm ovulation. Pregnancy must be excluded before each treatment cycle.

Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

Side effects of Clomid may include but are not limited to hot flashes, breast discomfort, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, and headache. Adverse reactions are generally related to higher doses and prolonged use; the most serious of which is ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), characterized by enlargement of the ovary and potential complications like fluid accumulation in the abdomen and chest.

Handling and Storage Requirements

Clomid tablets should be stored at controlled room temperature and protected from heat, light, and excess moisture. Keep out of the reach of children. Properly discard unused or expired medication according to pharmacy guidelines or local regulatory requirements.

Counseling Points for Patients

When counseling patients, advise them to take Clomid as directed by their healthcare provider. Inform about the importance of timing intercourse to coincide with ovulation. Discuss the potential side effects, and instruct patients to report any visual changes immediately. Caution should be exercised when driving or performing tasks requiring alertness, as Clomid may cause visual disturbances.

Pregnancy Considerations

Clomid should not be administered during pregnancy. It may cause harm to the fetus and is not recommended for use once pregnancy is confirmed. If a patient becomes pregnant during treatment, inform the patient of the potential risks and closely monitor for signs of an ectopic pregnancy due to the increased risk associated with Clomid use.

Breastfeeding Implications

It is not known whether Clomid is excreted in human milk. However, because it may reduce milk production, the decision to use Clomid should be made with caution in breastfeeding mothers, weighing the potential benefits against the potential risks to the nursing infant.

Overdose Management

In the event of suspected Clomid overdose, supportive measures should be employed. Symptoms of overdose may include nausea, vomiting, vasomotor flushes, visual blurring, spots or flashes, scotomata, ovarian enlargement with pelvic or abdominal pain. There is no specific antidote, and treatment should be symptomatic and supportive.


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